TABLE 6

Clinical manifestations of vertebral osteomyelitis and septic arthritis caused by S. aureus a

Infection type and referenceNo. of patientsAge of patients (yr)Main symptom(s) (% of patients)Main sign(s) (% of patients)Laboratory finding(s) (% of patients)Description
Vertebral osteomyelitis
    386 25360b Limb weakness (25)Fever (78)NA
    389 11160c Back pain (91), limb weakness (33)Fever (16)Raised ESR (95)
    390 4965c Back pain (96), limb weakness (53)Fever (57), limb weakness (53)NA
    391 4058c Back pain (100), limb weakness (48)Vertebral tenderness (83), fever (65)Raised CRP level (98), raised ESR (95)
    392 2072c Back pain (85), limb weakness (55)Fever (30)Raised ESR (95), raised CRP level (100)
Native joint septic arthritis
    399 4766.5b Joint pain (83)Joint swelling (79), fever (34)Raised CRP level (98), raised ESR (100)
    400 5649b Joint pain (100)Restricted joint movement (100) 95% single joint, 67% knee joint
    401 752.5b Joint pain (85)Joint swelling (77), fever (44)Raised CRP level (98), raised ESR (100)85% single joint, 56% knee joint
  • a ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate; CRP, C-reactive protein.

  • b Median age.

  • c Mean age.