TABLE 5.

Species of Anopheles mosquitoes that have been infected with Plasmodium malariae

Geographic regionSpecies of AnophelesReferences(s)
Southeast Asia A. aconitus 99
Australia A. annulipes 47 a
Africa A. arabiensis 29
Europe A. atroparvus b 17, 18b, 25, 39, 42b, 65, 66, 106b
Mexico A. aztecus 121
Europe, Middle East A. claviger 57
India, Burma, Sri Lanka A. culicifacies 29, 64, 107, 111
South America A. darlingi 47 a
Thailand A. dirus 25, 29, 32, 33
Southwest Pacific A. farauti 37, 89
Middle East, India A. fluviatilis 47 a
Western United States A. freeborni b 24, 25, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 40b, 121b, 122b
Southeast Asia A. fuliginosus c 3, 6, 113
Africa A. funestus 47 a
Africa A. gambiae 30, 33, 34, 56, 88
Southeast Asia, Indonesia A. hyrcanus sinensis 3, 69, 114
Bangladesh, Myanmar A. jeyporiensis 47 a
India, Southeast Asia A. lindesayi 3
Malaysia A. maculatus 3, 25, 29, 32, 59, 112
Africa A. melas 47 a
Europe A. messeae b 81 b
Southeast Asia, Indonesia A. minimus 3
Africa A. moucheti 47 a
Europe A. plumbeus 50
Australasia A. punctulatus b 79, 80b
Southeastern United States A. punctipennis 82, 121
Southeastern United States A. quadrimaculatus b 10 b, 11b, 12b, 29, 32, 33, 120b, 121b, 122
Europe A. saccharovi b 5 b, 70, 86b
Southeast Asia A. splendidus 3
Middle East, Asia, A. stephensi b 25, 29, 32, 33, 64, 73, 98, 103b, 104, 113
Southeast Asia, Indonesia A. sundiacus b 3, 16b, 63, 64, 114
India A. varuna 64, 113
  • a Listed by Garnham (47); reference not given.

  • b Transmission to human reported.

  • c A. fuligenosis = A. annularis.