TABLE 1.

Factors involved in the development of opportunistic mycoses

FactorFungal pathogen(s)a
Mucosal and cutaneous barrier
    disruptionCandida spp.
Aspergillus spp.
Neutrophil dysfunction (quantitative
    or qualitative)Candida spp.
Trichosporon spp.
Aspergillus and other molds
Defects in cell-mediated immunityCryptococcus spp.
Endemic mycoses
Metabolic disordersZygomycetes
Candida spp.
ExposuresEndemic mycoses
Aspergillus and other molds
Extremes of age (<1 and >70 yr)Candida spp.
  • a This list is not all-inclusive.