TABLE 5.

Hosts and geographical distribution of Encephalitozoon cuniculi strains

E. cuniculi strainaHostGeographic area (no. of isolates)Reference(s)
I (“rabbit strain”)RabbitSwitzerland (21), United States (3), Germany (1), Australia (1), Italy (1), Japan (1) 86, 113, 153, 192, 210; P. Deplazes and A. Mathis, unpublished data.
HumanSwitzerland (6), Italy (1), United States (1) 73, 238, 321, 334
II (“mouse strain”)MouseCzech Republic (1), United Kingdom (1), United States (1) 86, 334
Wild ratSwitzerland (1) 212
Blue foxNorway (8), Finland (1) 8, 190
III (“dog strain”)DogUnited States (10), South Africa (1) 86, 141, 264
Prosimian
  • a As determined by the number of 5′-GTTT-3′ repeats in the ITS (86).