TABLE 2.

Arthritogenic agents implicated in ReAa

Well-defined agentsProbable and potential agents
Campylobacter jejuni AmebaeHIV
Chlamydia trachomatis B-19 parvovirus Lactobacillus spp.
Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium enteritidis, Paratyphi B and C, and others Shigella flexneri, S. sonnei and S. dysenteriaeUreaplasma urealyticumYersinia enterocoliticaO3, O8, and O9 and Y. pseudotuberculosis Bacillus cereus Bartonella Borrelia burgdorferi Brucella abortus Calmette-Guerin Bacillus Chlamydia pneumoniae Clostridium difficile Cryptosporidium Escherichia coli Gardnerella vaginalis Giardia lamblia Beta-hemolytic streptococci Hafnia alvei Helicobacter cinaedi Helicobacter pylori Hepatitis B vaccine Leptospira Mycoplasma hominis and     M. fermentans Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B Propioibacterium acnes Pseudmonas migulae, P. fluorescens,     and P. putida Rickettsia ricketsii Staphylococcus aureus Staphyloccus aureus Staphylococcus epidermis Streptococcus salivarius Strongyloids Tropheryma whippelii
  • a Data are from references 53, 71, 175, 200, and 201.

  • b Bold type indicates bacteria dependent on HLA-B27.