TABLE 1.

The CDC and HICPAC infection control guidelines relevant to CF

Guidelines (reference)Content
Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals (70)aStandard precautions
Transmission-based precautions
Pathogen-specific recommendations
Management of patients infected or colonized with multidrug-resistant organisms and other transmissible infectious agents
Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare facilities (171)Methods and indications for sterilization and disinfection of respiratory therapy equipment
Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings, 2001 (23)Use of alcohol-based antiseptic handrubs
Use of antimicrobial-containing soap
Educational programs to enhance adherence to recommended practices
Guideline for Environmental Infection Control in Healthcare Facilities (83)Management of air, water, and surface to decrease the risk of transmission of infectious agents
Guidelines for Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia (35)aTransmission-based precautions for patients with pneumonia
Care of respiratory therapy equipment
Adjunctive measure to prevent acquisition of health-care-associated pneumonia
Guideline for Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel, 1998 (19)bRecommendations for HCWs with preexisting or acquired medical conditions that could have implications for the transmission of potential pathogens
Guideline for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Health-Care Facilities (34)Recommendations for management of patients with suspected or proven tuberculosis
  • a Under revision.

  • b Approximately 6% of patients with CF will choose health-care-related professions.