TABLE 3.

Transmission-based precautions to prevent the spread of epidemiologically important pathogens in CF patients

Type of transmission-based precautionPotential pathogens
StandardApplicable to all CF patients including those infected with:
    NTM
    P. aeruginosa (not multidrug resistant)
    S. aureus (not MRSA)
ContactMultidrug-resistant organisms
    MRSA
    B. cepacia complex
    Multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa
    S. maltophilia
Viruses
    RSV
    Parainfluenza virus
DropletViruses
    Influenza virus
    Adenovirus
Airborne M. tuberculosis
Protective environmentNo data supporting the use of positive-pressure ventilation and >12 air exchanges for CF patients with lung transplantation; may consider in the setting of suspected transmission of Aspergillus spp. within a transplant center