TABLE 4.

Spectrum of antimicrobial activity of procedures for hand hygiene derived from the etiology of NIs, data on the transient flora of health care workers' hands, and their role in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens

Type of antimicrobial activityRequired activityOptional activitya
Bactericidal+
Mycobactericidal+
Sporicidal+
Fungicidal (yeasts)+
Fungicidal+
Virucidal (enveloped viruses)+
Virucidal (including nonenveloped viruses)+
  • a May be relevant in special patient care or during outbreaks.