TABLE 3.

Transmissibility of nosocomial pathogens from contaminated hands

Type of pathogenContact time (s)TargetTransmission rate (%)Reference
C. albicansUnknownHands69452
Feline calicivirus10Food18-4660
Steel surface13
HAV10Lettuce9.259
HSV-1UnknownHands100 (moist skin), 60 (dry skin)41
Rhinovirus10Hands71191
Rotavirus10Hands6.622
Salmonella spp.5Meat16 (inoculum of 7 cells per fingertip), 100 (inoculum of ≥600 cells per fingertip)427