TABLE 8.

Effect of various agents for hand hygiene on the resident hand flora

Type of agentConcn (%)Duration of treatment (min)Mean removal rate (log10)Reference(s)
Plain soapNA2−0.0536
NA30.3-0.5796
NA50.3-0.4208, 305, 326, 471
Chlorhexidine420.35-1.036, 317, 329
430.68-1.7596, 218, 341, 471, 472
450.9-1.649, 305, 404, 471
461.2153
4102.29404
Triclosan150.6305
220.336
250.849
Ethanol7021.0328
7031.32326
8021.5475
8532.1-2.5251
9522.1317, 320
Isopropanol6051.7472
700.51.536
7010.7-0.8475
7021.2-1.6536, 328
7031.5-2.0475
7052.1-2.4475
8032.3483
9032.4483
n-propanol6011.1475
6030.8-2.9213, 240, 251, 341
6052.05-2.9208, 213, 471, 479
  • a NA, not applicable.