TABLE 8.

Effect of various agents for hand hygiene on the resident hand flora

Type of agentConcn (%)Duration of treatment (min)Mean removal rate (log10)Reference(s)
Plain soapNA2−0.05 36
NA30.3-0.57 96
NA50.3-0.4 208, 305, 326, 471
Chlorhexidine420.35-1.0 36, 317, 329
430.68-1.75 96, 218, 341, 471, 472
450.9-1.6 49, 305, 404, 471
461.2 153
4102.29 404
Triclosan150.6 305
220.3 36
250.8 49
Ethanol7021.0 328
7031.32 326
8021.5 475
8532.1-2.5 251
9522.1 317, 320
Isopropanol6051.7 472
700.51.5 36
7010.7-0.8 475
7021.2-1.65 36, 328
7031.5-2.0 475
7052.1-2.4 475
8032.3 483
9032.4 483
n-propanol6011.1 475
6030.8-2.9 213, 240, 251, 341
6052.05-2.9 208, 213, 471, 479
  • a NA, not applicable.