TABLE 1.

Mycoplasmas isolated from humansa

OrganismPrimary site of colonizationRole in diseasebReference(s)
Respiratory tractGenitourinary tract
Acholeplasma laidlawii+No119
Mycoplasma buccale+No154
Mycoplasma faucium+No154
Mycoplasma fermentans++Yes?118
Mycoplasma hominis+Yes118
Mycoplasma genitalium+Yes423
Mycoplasma lipophilum+No100
Mycoplasma orale+No409
Mycoplasma pirum??No101
Mycoplasma penetrans+?270
Mycoplasma primatum++No99
Mycoplasma salivarium+No118
Mycoplasma pneumoniae+Yes68
Mycoplasma spermatophilum+No186
Ureaplasma urealyticum+Yes350, 376
Ureaplasma parvum+Yes350, 376
  • a The organisms shown in this table represent those species that have been shown to occur in humans, with humans as their primary host. This listing excludes occasional isolates and those known to be primarily of animal origin that have been recovered from humans in isolated instances, usually in association with immunocompromise.

  • b In immunocompetent persons.