TABLE 5.

Effect of alkali- and detergent-based nonmedicated soaps on human skina

Type of effectEffect observed with:
Alkaline-based soapDetergent-based soap
Formation of lime soapsYesNo
SwellingSubstantialSmall
DehydrationModerateModerate to strong
DegreasingPronouncedPronounced, depending on the amount of detergent
pH shift to alkalineSubstantialPreventable
Neutralization capacityNoticeably retardedSomewhat retarded
Regeneration of skin pHStrongly impairedSlightly impaired
SurfactionNoPossible
  • a Reprinted from reference 283 with permission of the publisher.