TABLE 2.

Toxigenic species of mold isolated from indoor air of housesa

SpeciesToxins produced
Aspergillus flavusAflatoxins
Aspergillus fumigatusFumiclavines, fumigatoxin, fumigillin, fumitrems, gliotoxin
Aspergillus versicolorSterigmatocystin, versicolorin, aspercolorin, averufin, cyclopiazonic acid
Penicillium brevicompactumBrevianamide A, mycophenolic acid
Penicillium chrysogenumCitrinin, penicillic acid, PR-toxin, roquefortin C
Penicillium citrinumKojic acid, citrinin, citreoviridin
Penicillium corylophilumGliotoxin
Penicillium cyclopiumPenicillic acid
Penicillium expansumPatulin, citrinin
Penicillium fellutanumCitreoviridin, citrinin
Penicillium spinulosumSpinulosin
Penicillium viridicatumBrevianamide A, citrinin, mycophenolic acid, penicillic acid, viomellein, xanthomegnin
Stachybotrys chartarumRoridin E, satratoxin H, sporidesmin G, trichoverrins, verrucarol
Trichoderma virideGliotoxin, T-2 toxin, trichodermin, trichodermol, viridiol
  • a Adapted from reference 130 with permission of the publisher.