TABLE 2.

Toxigenic species of mold isolated from indoor air of housesa

SpeciesToxins produced
Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxins
Aspergillus fumigatus Fumiclavines, fumigatoxin, fumigillin, fumitrems, gliotoxin
Aspergillus versicolor Sterigmatocystin, versicolorin, aspercolorin, averufin, cyclopiazonic acid
Penicillium brevicompactum Brevianamide A, mycophenolic acid
Penicillium chrysogenum Citrinin, penicillic acid, PR-toxin, roquefortin C
Penicillium citrinum Kojic acid, citrinin, citreoviridin
Penicillium corylophilum Gliotoxin
Penicillium cyclopium Penicillic acid
Penicillium expansum Patulin, citrinin
Penicillium fellutanum Citreoviridin, citrinin
Penicillium spinulosum Spinulosin
Penicillium viridicatum Brevianamide A, citrinin, mycophenolic acid, penicillic acid, viomellein, xanthomegnin
Stachybotrys chartarum Roridin E, satratoxin H, sporidesmin G, trichoverrins, verrucarol
Trichoderma viride Gliotoxin, T-2 toxin, trichodermin, trichodermol, viridiol
  • a Adapted from reference 130 with permission of the publisher.