TABLE 6.

Effects of cocaine on resistance to infections

Infectious agentHostEffectaReference
LP-BM5 retrovirusMice↑Cryptosporidiosis48
HIVSCID mice implanted with human PBMCs↑HIV-infected PBL192
↑Virus load192
↓CD4/CD8 ratio192
  • a ↑, increase; ↓, decrease; PBL, peripheral blood leukocytes.