TABLE 6.

Effects of cocaine on resistance to infections

Infectious agentHostEffectaReference
LP-BM5 retrovirusMice↑Cryptosporidiosis 48
HIVSCID mice implanted with human PBMCs↑HIV-infected PBL 192
↑Virus load 192
↓CD4/CD8 ratio 192
  • a ↑, increase; ↓, decrease; PBL, peripheral blood leukocytes.