TABLE 3.

Malaria mortality and human population by geographical region for the 20th centurya

Region, population, and mortalityPopulation and mortality data for yr: Possible margin of error (fold [×/÷])
190019301950197019901997
Europe and North America
    Population (millions)5176517679281,0131,028
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria80,00070,00010,0001010202
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,0001.5471.0750.130.00010.00010.00022
Central America and Caribbean
    Population (millions)24345189145161
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria40,00060,00040,00040,0001,2005002
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,00016.717.67.844.490.0830.0312
South America
    Population (millions)4070111189298313
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria?2,000?3,0003,5001,8002,5003,5002.5
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,000?0.5?0.40.3150.0950.0840.1122.5
Middle East, South Asia, and Western Pacific
    Population (millions)5527199531,3632,1632,341
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria2,500,0002,700,000625,00057,000107,10065,0002
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,00045.337.66.560.4180.4950.2782
China and North East Asia
    Population (millions)3894656207561,2371,314
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria300,000500,000300,000150,0001001002
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,0007.7110.84.851.980.0010.0012
Africa, sub-Sahara
    Population (millions)94111167280532602
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria210,000240,000307,000300,000787,000990,0001.5
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,00022.321.618.410.714.816.41.5
World
    Population (millions)1,6162,0502,6693,6055,3885,759
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria3,132,0003,573,0001,285,000578,800897,0001,059,0001.5
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,00019.417.44.821.611.661.841.5
World minus Africa, sub-Sahara
    Population (millions)1,5221,9392,5023,3254,8565,157
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria2,922,0003,333,000978,000248,000110,90069,0001.5
    Annual no. of deaths from malaria/10,00019.217.23.910.7480.2280.1341.5
  • a The data are as prepared for The World Health Report, 1999 (210). See the Appendix for further details.