TABLE 1.

Species or taxonomic group and their most frequently recognized clinical disease syndromes

Species or groupDisease syndromes in:
Normal hostsImmunosuppressed persons
M. fortuitum groupLocalized post-traumatic wound infections
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
Surgical wound infections, especially following augmentation mammaplasty cardiac surgery
M. chelonaeLocalized post-traumatic wound infections Post-traumatic or postsurgical corneal infectionsDisseminated skin infections in patients receiving corticosteroids and in organ transplant recipients
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
M. abscessusChronic lung infections
Localized post-traumatic wound infections
Surgical wound infections Chronic otitis mediaDisseminated skin infections in patients receiving corticosteroids and in organ transplant recipients
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
M. smegmatis groupLocalized post-traumatic wound infections
Surgical wound infections
Osteomyelitis following open fractures
Lung infection complicating lipoid pneumonia or achalasia
M. mucogenicumSputum contaminantCatheter infections
M. fortuitum third biovariant complex, sorbitol positive and sorbitol negative (proposed M. houstonense and M. bonickei)Localized post-traumatic wound infections Osteomyelitis following open fractures Surgical wound infections