TABLE 1.

Species or taxonomic group and their most frequently recognized clinical disease syndromes

Species or groupDisease syndromes in:
Normal hostsImmunosuppressed persons
M. fortuitum groupLocalized post-traumatic wound infections
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
Surgical wound infections, especially following augmentation mammaplasty cardiac surgery
M. chelonae Localized post-traumatic wound infections Post-traumatic or postsurgical corneal infectionsDisseminated skin infections in patients receiving corticosteroids and in organ transplant recipients
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
M. abscessus Chronic lung infections
Localized post-traumatic wound infections
Surgical wound infections Chronic otitis mediaDisseminated skin infections in patients receiving corticosteroids and in organ transplant recipients
Catheter infectionsCatheter infections
M. smegmatis groupLocalized post-traumatic wound infections
Surgical wound infections
Osteomyelitis following open fractures
Lung infection complicating lipoid pneumonia or achalasia
M. mucogenicum Sputum contaminantCatheter infections
M. fortuitum third biovariant complex, sorbitol positive and sorbitol negative (proposed M. houstonense and M. bonickei)Localized post-traumatic wound infections Osteomyelitis following open fractures Surgical wound infections