Table 3.

Solvents used for active component extractiona

WaterEthanolMethanolChloroformDichloromethanolEtherAcetone
Anthocyanins (111)Tannins (204)AnthocyaninsTerpenoids (18)Terpenoids (144)AlkaloidsFlavonols (2)
Starches Polyphenols (151)Terpenoids (221)Flavonoids (175)Terpenoids
Tannins (192) Polyacetylenes (29, 62)Saponins Coumarins
Saponins (53)Flavonol (29, 100)Tannins (221) Fatty acids
TerpenoidsTerpenoids (82) Xanthoxyllines
Polypeptides Sterols (53) Totarol (121)
Lectins Alkaloids (103) Quassinoids (115)
Propolis Lactones (180)
Flavones (189, 219)
Phenones (174)
Polyphenols (235)
  • a Compounds in bold are commonly obtained only in one solvent. References are given in parentheses.