Table 16.

Viral classification and response to some disinfectantsa

Viral groupLipid envelopebExamples of virusesEffects of disinfectantsc
LipophilicBroad-spectrum
A+HSV, HIV, Newcastle disease virus, rabies virus, influenza virusSS
BNon-lipid picornaviruses (poliovirus, Coxsackie virus, echovirus)RS
COther larger nonlipid viruses (adenovirus, reovirus)RS
  • a Data from reference259; see also reference 444. For information on the inactivation of poliovirus, see reference514.

  • b Present (+) or absent (−).

  • c Lipophilic disinfectants include QACs and chlorhexidine. S, sensitive; R, resistant.