Table 3.

Molecules detected in biological fluids of patients with IA due to A. fumigatus

AntigenBiological fluidDetection limit (ng/ml)Reference(s)
Galactofuran-containing antigensa Serum, urine, BAL fluid0.5–1 16,74, 557, 558, 628, 630, 638, 683, 684, 690
29, 18, 11 kDab Urine?c 241
β(1-3)glucanSerum10−2 421, 468,469, 744
  • a Glycoprotein and polysaccharide.

  • b Plus other minor antigens.

  • c Unknown; detection by immunoblotting.