Table 5.

Risk factors associated withS. maltophilia infection

Risk factorReferences
Prior antibiotic therapy115, 116, 145, 172, 187, 220, 238, 241, 284, 429, 432, 433, 470
Presence of a central venous catheter115, 116, 220, 238, 284, 432
Neutropenia or cytotoxic chemotherapy115, 116, 220, 238, 284, 301, 429
Prolonged hospitalization116, 220, 238, 241, 429
Admission to an intensive care unit172, 241, 279
Mechanical ventilation or tracheotomy145, 172, 220, 241, 433
Underlying diseasea132, 196, 241, 279, 284, 358
Nonhematologic malignancy196, 284, 287
Hematologic malignancy220, 284, 429
Corticosteroid therapy284, 433
Exposure to patients with S. maltophilia wound infection433
Transportation to hospital by airplane433
  • a Includes hepatobiliary, chronic pulmonary, and cardiovascular disease; organ transplantation; dialysis; intravenous drug use; and infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.