Table 6.

Utility of cytology in the work-up of patients with infectious diseases

Facet of cytopathologyAdvantages
Specimen procurementRapid and minimally invasive
Minimal contamination
Cost-effective
Specimen triageRapid assessment
Additional material for cultures and special stains, immunodiagnostics, and molecular diagnostics
Patient perceptionRapid with minimal discomfort
Reasonable cost
Privacy
Clinician perceptionRapid turnaround time
Assist in patient management, infection control procedure, and early therapy
Cytopathologist perceptionRapid diagnostic procedure, especially when combined with ancillary techniques, immunocytochemistry, and molecular diagnostics