TABLE 4

Epidemiology and prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in Nepal

Bacteria and yr of studyStudy typeStateSite(s) of isolation; sample type% resistance (no. of isolates)Reference
Acinetobacter spp.
    2013–2014Single centerKathmanduInpatient and outpatient; all clinical samples98 (122)98
    2011–2012Single centerKathmanduIntensive care unit; all clinical samples17 (58)99
    UnknownSingle centerKathmanduInpatient and outpatient; all clinical samples50 (62)100
Enterobacteriaceae
    2014Single centerKathmanduIntensive care unit; all clinical samplesK. pneumoniae, 18 (22)99
    2012–2013Single centerKathmanduIntensive care unit and outpatient; all clinical samplesE. coli, 3 (93)101
    2012Single centerChitwan DistrictInpatient and outpatient; all clinical samplesE. coli, 18 (216); K. pneumoniae, 21 (185)102