TABLE 5

Epidemiology and prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in Vietnam

Bacteria and yr of studyStudy typeState(s)Site of isolation; sample type% resistance (no. of isolates)Reference
Acinetobacter spp.
    2012–201314 centersVietnam-wideIntensive care unit; all clinical samples89 (167)142
    2011–2012Single centerHo Chi Minh CityIntensive care unit; tracheal aspirate samples84 (74)143
    2010Single centerHo Chi Minh CityIntensive care unit; tracheal aspirate samples80 (35)144
    2009–2010Single centerHo Chi Minh CityInpatient; pediatrics; blood samples43 (58)145
    2009Single centerHanoiInpatient; all clinical samples92 (58)146
    20072 centersHanoi, Hai PhongIntensive care unit; all clinical samples69 (170)147
Enterobacteriaceae
    2012–201314 centersVietnam-wideIntensive care unit; all clinical samplesEnterobacteriaceae, 5 (241); K. pneumoniae, 15 (74)142
    2010–2012Single centerHanoiInpatient; all clinical isolatesEnterobacteriaceae, 1.1 (4,096)149
    2009–20114 centersHanoi, Ho Chi Minh CityIntra-abdominal samplesE. coli, 0.3 (787); K. pneumoniae, 1 (145)150
    20072 centersHanoi, Hai PhongIntensive care unit; all clinical samplesE. coli, 0 (61); K. pneumoniae, 3 (103)147