TABLE 1

List of novel NTM species described since 2011a

Novel species or subspecies (reference)cYr of descriptionType of growthClose relative(s)
M. abscessus subsp. abscessus (78)2011RapidM. abscessus
M. abscessus subsp. bolletii (78)2016RapidM. abscessus
M. abscessus subsp. massiliense (78)2016RapidM. abscessus
M. algericum (305)2011RapidM. terrae complex
M. alsense (306)2016SlowM. asiaticum
M. anyangense (307)2015RapidM. smegmatis-M. fortuitum
M. arabiense (308)2013RapidM. neoaurum-M. hodleri
M. arcueilense (309)2016RapidM. fortuitum group, M. septicum, M. farcinogenesb
M. bourgelatii (310)2013RapidM. intermedium
M. celeriflavum (311)2015RapidM. moriokaense
M. engbaekii (312)2013RapidM. hiberniae
M. europaeum (313)2011SlowM. simiae
M. fragae (314)2013SlowM. celatum
M. franklinii (315)2015RapidM. chelonae-M. abscessus
M. helvum (316)2016RapidNo relation to any characterized type strains of mycobacteria
M. heraklionense (312)2013SlowM. arupense
M. hippocampi (317)2014RapidM. flavescens-M. goodii
M. icosiumassiliensis” (318)2016SlowM. terrae complex
M. iranicum (319)2013RapidM. gilvum
M. koreense (320)2012SlowM. triviale
M. litorale (321)2012RapidM. monacense
M. longobardum (312)2013SlowM. terrae
M. lutetiense (309)2016RapidM. fortuitum group, M. septicum, M. farcinogenesb
M. malmesburyense” (322)2016RapidM. moriokaense
M. massilipolynesiensis” (323)2017RapidM. phlei
M. minnesotense (324)2013SlowM. arupense
M. montmartrense (309)2016RapidM. fortuitum group, M. septicum, M. farcinogenesb
M. oryzae (325)2016RapidM. tokaiense, M. murale
M. paraense (326)2015SlowM. interjectum
M. paragordonae (327)2014SlowM. gordonae
M. paraintracellulare (70)2016SlowM. intracellulare
M. parakoreense (328)2013SlowM. koreense
M. saopaulense (329)2015RapidM. chelonae, M. abscessus
M. sarraceniae (316)2016RapidNo obvious relation to any characterized type strains of mycobacteria
M. sediminis (308)2013RapidM. neoaurum, M. hodleri
M. sherrisii (330)2011SlowM. simiae
M. shinjukuense (331)2011SlowM. tuberculosis complex, M. marinum, M. ulcerans
M. virginiense” (332)2016SlowM. terrae complex
M. yongonense (71)2013SlowM. intracellulare
  • a See reference 6.

  • b M. farcinogenes is also a slowly growing mycobacterium, although some rapidly growing mycobacteria are genetically related to this species.

  • c Species in quotation marks are proposed names and do not yet have a standing in nomenclature.