TABLE 5.

Other unusual microbes identified from the respiratory tracts of patients with CF

Microbe(s)DescriptionMethod(s) of identificationReference(s)
Acinetobacter spp.Gram-negative coccobacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101
Acrophialophora fusispora FungusCulture 92
Bordetella spp. (primarily B. bronchiseptica/parapertussis)Gram-negative coccobacillus16S rRNA gene sequencing, whole-cell protein analysis 101, 572
Brevundimonas diminuta Gram-negative bacillus16S rRNA gene sequencing 396
Candida albicans FungusCulture 27, 88, 614
Chryseobacterium spp.Gram-negative bacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101, 335
Comamonas testosteroni Gram-negative coccobacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Gram-positive bacillusMolecular methods, mass spectrometry 51
Coxiellaceae spp.Gram-negative bacillusrRNA gene sequencing 241
Craurococcus roseus Gram-negative coccusTerminal restriction fragment length polymorphism 495
Cupriavidus spp.Gram-negative bacillus16S rRNA gene sequencing 305
Dialister pneumosintes Anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus16S rRNA gene sequencing 53
Dolosigranulum pigrum Gram-positive coccus16S rRNA gene sequencing 53
Exophiala dermatitidis FungusCulture 149, 225, 233, 273, 332
Geosmithia argillacea FungusCulture 40, 212
Herbaspirillum sp.Gram-negative bacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101, 573
Klebsiella spp.Gram-negative bacillusCulture 578
Lysobacter spp.Gram-negative bacillusrRNA gene sequencing 241
Moraxella osloensis Gram-negative coccobacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101
Nocardia asteroides Gram-positive bacillusCulture 355
Ochrobactrum anthropi Gram-negative bacillus16S rRNA gene sequencing 396
Paenibacillus cineris Gram-negative bacillusCulture 339
Paracoccus halodenitrificans Gram-negative coccobacillusTerminal restriction fragment length polymorphism 495
Penicillium emersonii FungusCulture 90
Rhizobium radiobacter Gram-negative bacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101
Rickettsiales spp.Gram-negative coccobacillusrRNA gene sequencing 241
Scedosporium spp.FungusCulture 58, 91, 136, 649
Segniliparus rugosus Acid-fast bacillusCulture 78
Serratia marcescens Gram-negative bacillusCulture 76
Trichosporon mycotoxinivorans FungusCulture 255
Xanthomonas spp.Gram-negative bacillusBiochemical and molecular approaches 101