TABLE 4.

Giardia duodenalis infection rates and genotypes in companion animals

AnimalLocation(s)Total no. of samplesInfection rate (%)No. of samples genotypedNo. of samples with assemblage: Reference(s)
ABCDFOther(s)
DogEurope600137531912155 (E) 247
DogBelgium1,15922.71194042649 53
DogFinland1505.38341 (E) 215
DogGermany55335215 (A + C) 155
DogGermany150454838 (C + D), 1 (A + D) 24
DogHungary1877.5a (58.8b)15591 (C + D) 251
DogItaly1464.399 168
DogItaly11315.01721112 (A + C), 1 (C + D) 30
DogItaly2161121 (A + D) 148
DogItaly12711.0a (20.5c)308144 235
DogItaly24026.6302325 197
DogNetherlands22 282
DogNetherlands15215.2131731 (C/D), 1 (unknown) 195
DogPoland1482.0211 242
DogSweden2818145 (C + D) 154
DogUnited Kingdom87821.041110291 (C + D) 278
DogMexico541 (A + B) 147
DogMexico1174 (A4 [probably C or D]) 71
DogMexico1919 70
DogMexico22 206
DogUnited States1515 249
DogUnited States312 176
DogCanada15561.31313 113a
DogPeru60514.56793226 (C + D) 57a
DogArgentina11 174
DogBrazil27720 246
DogBrazil1936.877 287
DogNicaragua1008.08251 (C + D) 153
DogJapan44 1
DogJapan2414163 (A + D) 130
DogJapan1,79423.429920 130a
DogIndia1013.0a (20.0c)752 265
DogThailand2297.9135133 (A + B), 1 (A + D) 129
DogThailand22956.860339513 264
DogAustralia1,4009.488141442 (C + D) 196
DogAustralia11101 178, 179
DogUnknown91242 214
CatEurope15868353772 (E) 247
CatItaly110011 30
CatItaly2737.01010 199
CatItaly11 148
CatItaly1814.41138 197a
CatItaly, Croatia33 37
CatNetherlands6013.6211 195
CatSweden185121 (E) 154
CatMexico11 206
CatUnited States25013.617611 284
CatUnited States1844.488 79
CatUnited States11 176
CatBrazil1100.011 287
CatBrazil19811 246
CatColombia466.533 233
CatJapan33 130
CatJapan3218.126620 250a
CatAustralia1862271 (E) 214
CatAustralia1,0632.0817 196
HorseItaly4502.0a (13.3d)2020 (E) 285
HorseAustralia, United States1046 263
RabbitSweden11 154
RabbitChina11 249
FerretJapan33 3, 4
  • a Determined by microscopy.

  • b Determined by ELISA.

  • c Determined by PCR.

  • d Determined by direct fluorescent antibody assay.