TABLE 6.

Giardia duodenalis infection rates and genotypes in wild animals

AnimalLocationTotal no. of samplesInfection rate (%)No. of sample genotypedNo. of samples with assemblage: Reference
ABOther(s)
GorillaUganda1002.022 104
ChimpanzeeItaly22 37
MandrillItaly11 37
MacaqueItaly77 37
Japanese macaqueJapan33 130
Pygmy marmosetSweden11 154
Cotton-top mandarinSweden11 154
Vervet monkeySweden11 154
Southern brown howler monkeyBrazil281001616 288
Red colobus monkeyUganda3023.343a 1 (E)a , b 137
MooseNorway1313 219
MooseSweden11 154
Fallow deerItaly13911.588 146
Fallow deerSweden211 (E) 154
ReindeerNorway66 219
ReindeerUnited States11 176
Roe deerNetherlands11 282
White-tailed deerUnited States263.911 269
Thresher sharkUnited States11 150
Mako sharkUnited States11 (A + B) 151
Common dolphinUnited States422 (A + B) 150
Common dolphinUnited States11 151
Atlantic white-sided dolphinUnited States33 150
Risso's dolphinUnited States11 150
Harbor porpoiseUnited States321 (A + B) 150
Red foxNorway2694.8752 109
CoyoteCanada7018.68c (9a)3c (5a)5c (2a) (D), 1a (A + C), 1a (A + D) 258
CoyoteUnited States2231.8713 (C), 3 (D) 268
African painted dogNamibia, Zambia, and Australia8733.33021210 (A + B), 2 (A + B + C), 1 (B + C), 1 (A + D), 1 (B + D), 1 (A + C + D) 20a
Wild boarCroatia11 37
Ringed sealCanada5580.022 67
Gray sealUnited States216510 (Hd) 151
Harp sealCanada5827.61616 18
Harp sealUnited States11 (A + B) 150
Harbor sealUnited States9742.3143 (D), 11 (Hd) 86
Harbor sealUnited States11 150
Harbor sealUnited States8251 (A + B) 151
Hooded sealCanada108088 18
MuskratUnited States55 249
BeaverCanada1212 16
BeaverUnited States626.544 78
BeaverUnited States77 249
Guinea pigSweden11 154
Bush ratAustralia128.311 (F + C) 262
RatSweden88 (G) 154
RatAustralia22 (G) 178
Ash-gray mouseAustralia250.011 (E) 262
ChinchillaGermany11 138
MarsupialsAustralia42113.649418 255
Common planigaleAustralia520.011 262
QuendaAustralia721.411 (quenda genotype) 7
QuendaAustralia1878.61016 (quenda genotype), 3 (C), 1 (E) 262
Herring gullUnited States66 (A + B) 150
Herring gullUnited States1 151
GullUnited States311 (A + B), 1 (B + Hb) 151
Common eiderUnited States312 (A + B) 150
WildlifeEurope17293343 (C), 3 (D), 10 (E), 28 (G) 247
  • a At the gdh locus.

  • b At the tpi locus.

  • c At the SSU rRNA gene locus.

  • d Defined in reference 151.