TABLE 10.

Subtypes of Giardia duodenalis assemblage A in animals

Animal(s)Location(s)Gene(s)Total no. of samplesNo. of samples with subtype: Reference
A-IA-IIA-IIIOther
CattleEurope gdh, bg, or tpi 11370394 247
CattleDenmark gdh 88 (new) 149
CattleItalyMLGa 44 (A1) 37
CattlePortugal bg, gdh 22 (A2) 173
CattleUnited States tpi 103 (A1), 1 (new)6 (A2) 81
CattleBrazil gdh 11 (A1) 246
Water buffaloItalyMLGa 22 (A1) 40
SheepBelgium bg 22 (A2) 95
SheepItaly gdh, bg 55 (A1 at bg, A5 at gdh) 98
SheepSpain bg 11 (A5) 99
SheepSwedenMLGa 77 154
SheepAustralia tpi 3026 (A1), 3 (new)1 (new) 189
Sheep and goatEurope gdh, bg, or tpi 36288 247
GoatBelgium bg 66 (A1) 95
PigEurope bg, tpi, or gdh 14122 247
PigDenmark gdh 1010 (A1) 149
PigItalyMLGa 11 (A1) 37
HorseUnited States and Australia tpi 43 (A1)1 (A2) 263
DogEurope gdh, bg, or tpi 1208832 247
DogBelgium bg 402 (A2), 36 (A3)2 (unknown) 53
DogGermany gdh 1414 (A1) 155
DogItaly bg 22 (A1) 197
DogItaly bg 65 (A1)1 (new) 148
DogItaly bg 99 (A1) 168
DogMexico bg 65 (A1)1 (new) 148
DogMexico vsp b 22 206
DogBrazil bg 77 (new) 287
DogIndia tpi 52 (A1)3 (A2) 265
CatEurope gdh, bg, or tpi 5941153 247
CatItaly and CroatiaMLGa 321 (A2) 37
CatSwedenMLGa 5311 154
CatMexico vsp b 11 206
CatUnited States gdh 66 (new) 284
CatBrazil gdh 88 (A1) 246
CatBrazil bg 11 (new) 287
CatAustralia gdh 55 (A1) 214
CatJapan gdh, tpi 66 250a
MooseNorway gdh and bg 13652 (AI + AIII) 219
MooseSwedenMLGa 11 (A5 at gdh and bg)1 (A4 at tpi) 154
ReindeerNorway gdh and bg 66 (A5 at bg, A1 at gdh) 219
Fallow deerSwedenMLGa 11 (A5 at gdh and bg)1 (A4 at tpi) 154
Fallow deerItalyMLGa 88 37
FerretJapan gdh and bg 11 (A5 at bg, new at gdh) 3
FerretJapanMLGa 22 4
Common dolphinUnited States gdh and tpi 11 (A1 + A2) 150
Harbor porpoiseUnited States gdh 11 (A2 + new) 150
Wild boarCroatiaMLGa 11 37
Harp sealUnited States gdh 11 (A1 + new) 150
Herring gullUnited States gdh and tpi 61 (A1)5 150
Common eiderUnited States gdh 21 (A5)1 (new) 150
WildlifeEurope bg, tpi, or gdh 8638345 247
Total6914521606714
  • a Multilocus genotype analyses of the gdh, bg, and tpi genes.

  • b By PCR-RFLP analysis instead of sequencing.