Table 5

High-risk groups for occult HBV infection

Patient groupReported prevalence (%)aReference(s)
Chronic HCV infection15–33 29, 128
HIV infection10–45 103, 169
Injection drug users45 260
Hemodialysis27 69
Hepatocellular carcinoma62 108
Cryptogenic liver cirrhosis32 34
Liver transplant64 93
  • a Rounded to the nearest integer.