Table 2.

Summary of S. marcescens infections from 1900 to 1960 a

Yr of reportCommentsReference
1913Previously healthy patient with chronic cough; red-colored sputum; red-pigmented organism recovered 413
1936In the French literature; recovered from sputum of patient with pneumonia 1
1942Meningitis from a U.S. Army soldier who had previously had a diagnostic lumbar puncture performed; red-pigmented organism recovered 16
1948UTI in patient admitted with acute bronchopneumonia; red-pigmented organism recovered 172
1950–1951Outbreak of 11 cases of UTI; 1 patient died from endocarditis, presumably from the same isolate; all strains were red pigmented 407
1951Fatal sepsis in patient who had a gastrectomy because of a duodenal ulcer; red pigmented bacterium recovered 302
1951–1952Outbreak of 12 cases in a pediatric ward in Israel; several types of infections, including wound infections, skin lesions, meningitis, otitis, and shoulder joint arthritis; 1 fatal case of meningitis in a neonate; outbreak traced to bottle of 5% glucose in saline; all isolates were red pigmented 314
1953Fatal endocarditis in a patient from the former Gold Coast (Ghana); red-pigmented organism recovered 177
1953Patient had red-colored sputum after coughing, simulating hemoptysis; red-pigmented organism recovered; similar to 1913 Woodward and Clarke case 139
1957Empyema in patient with right spontaneous pneumothorax; red-pigmented organism recovered 294
1957Pseudohemoptysis; red-pigmented organism recovered 324
1960Pneumonia in patient with tubo-ovarian abscess; red-colored sputum; red-pigmented organism recovered 34
  • a Infections were assumed to be caused by S. marcescens based on the recovery of red-pigmented organisms.