Table 1

Types, classification, variants, and species distribution of plasmid-mediated carbapenemases encountered in Enterobacteriaceae

TypeMolecular class (subclass)aFunctional groupbVariantsSpecies
KPCA2fKPC-2 to -13 K. pneumoniae, E. coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, S. marcescens, Enterobacter spp., C. freundii, Salmonella enterica, Raultella spp.
VIMB (B1)3aVIM-1, -2, -4, -5, -6 K. pneumoniae, E. coli, K. oxytoca, S. marcescens
VIM-11, -12, -13, -19, -23 Serratia liquefaciens, Enterobacter spp., C. freundii
VIM-24, -25, -26, -27, -32 Morganella morganii, Proteus stuartii, P. mirabilis
IMPB (B1)3aIMP-1, -3, -4, -6, -8 K. pneumoniae, E. coli, K. oxytoca, S. marcescens
IMP-11, -24, -27 Enterobacter spp., Citrobacter spp., P. mirabilis, Proteus rettgeri, Shigella flexneri, M. morganii
NDMB (B1)3aNDM-1, -4, -5, -6 K. pneumoniae, E. coli, Enterobacter spp., K. oxytoca, C. freundii, M. morganii, Providencia spp.
OXAD2dfOXA-48, -163, -181 K. pneumoniae, E. coli, C. freundii, P. mirabilis
  • a See reference 109.

  • b See reference 37.