Table 1

Meningitis caused by the Oka strain of VZV in healthy children vaccinated at ∼1 year of age, diagnosed by PCR on CSF indicating the presence of VZV DNA

CaseMedical conditionReport yrFirst author(s)Reference(s)ORF(s) testedAge of patientLocation of zoster rash
1Neuroblastoma a 2003Levin 159 621 yrRight thigh
2Neuroblastoma a 2008Bryan 158 6221 mo b Hands, right leg, abdomen
3Leukemia chemotherapy a 2008Chavez, Galea 154, 72 38, 544 yrArm
4Otherwise healthy2008Chavez 154 38, 544 yr c Right arm
5Otherwise healthy2008Levin 167 38, 54, 62 d 8 yrLeft shoulder
6Otherwise healthy2009Iyer 166 38, 54, 629 yrLeft arm
7Otherwise healthy2010Chouliaras, Goulleret 163, 164 623 yrFace (trigeminal) e
8Otherwise healthy2011Han 165 38, 54, 627 yrRight arm, shoulder
9Otherwise healthy2011Pahud 83 38, 54, 62 d 12 yrNeck
  • a Healthy when immunized.

  • b Immunized at 20 months.

  • c Immunized at 32 months.

  • d And other ORFs.

  • e Also had encephalitis.